India gained Independence from British Rule on 15th August, 1947. It was the day of celebration and symbolism thus marking victory of immense struggle which our freedom fighters had waged against colonial rule. Yet, in other way it was just the beginning of another struggle. Now the focus was on consolidating the gains of independence, ensuring unity among diverse sections of individuals and synergizing national energy towards development. Under the aegis of Nehru-Mahalanobis model, focus was given on upliftment of public sector. It was assumed that on attaining the commanding heights, trickledown effect would aid in redistribution and comprehensive development of society at large. But was it so? This Essay is not an attempt to criticize Nehruvian approach. Rather it is an attempt to deliberate on Inclusive Growth VS Redistribution agenda.
India is a diverse country comprising of numerous communities inheriting an argumentative tradition. Every community, every individual sees India from its own perspective. Even though India might be progressing but the story remains quite different for beggar on street or farmer on the outskirts. Does he not belong to our nation or whether it is naturally assumed that their demands lie outside mainstream development process? The depth of Indian growth story lies in Inclusive Development subsequently followed by redistribution. Every man is the master of his own fate and it becomes quite pertinent to involve and synergize the efforts of every community in national progress.
On the political front Indian govt. recently launched Swachh bharat Abhiyan, Smart City Project etc. and many more. Thousands of crores of rupees are diverted towards social welfare payments. Yet why is it that still open defecation continues or the poor still has to survive under dismal conditions? Focus is not towards presenting a pessimistic approach towards viewing Indian progress rather to analyze the importance of involving of individuals in progress of nation. Even though NE region remains flush with natural resources along with human resource yet lack of Inclusive development approach has led to virtually insulating the region from mainstream progress.
Inclusive Development involving mobilization of every community, depicting tolerance and empathy towards vulnerable sections remains the need of hour. Local governance Institutions demand involvement of local community for effective and transparent functioning. Moreover National development demands involvement of every PRI and Municipal organization. It may be possible that we achieve progress based upon the strength of middle class or service sector. But then it will not be a inclusive progress. It may further propel inequality subsequently leading to communal clashes or civil agitations.
Our Preamble calls for: “We the people of India”. India does not belong to any particular group rather it represents a numerous democracy depicting interest of multiple communities. Being a domestically led economy we have to realize that our strength lies at involving every actor in mainstream development process. In, Fortune at bottom of pyramid CK Prahalad explicitly highlights the importance of bottom sections of society.
Focusing on Inclusive development would aid in ensuring development in accordance with every community perspective. It would not only lead to psychological involvement of citizens in national progress but would concomitantly ensure strengthening unity of nation at large. Redistribution also assumes critical importance but only post inclusive development on the first hand.
Signing out! Jai Hind and Jai Bharat!